Guaiacum officinale is the national flower of Jamaica. Bryophytes generally live on land but are mostly found in moist environments, for they have free-swimming sperm that require water for transport. Guaiacum officinale. equally likely to occur in wetlands or non-wetlands. It is small and slow growing, reaching only about 7 m in height with a trunk diameter of 50 cm. Defined as species of plants native to the state that are in rapid decline in the number of plants within the state, but which have not so decreased in such number as to cause them to be endangered. Furthermore, a search of "Virginia snake" or even "nia snak" yields one result: Virginia snakeroot. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Guaiacum officinale, commonly known as roughbark lignum-vitae, guaiacwood or gaïacwood, is a species of tree in the caltrop family, Zygophyllaceae, that is native to the Caribbean and the northern coast of South America. Kirchner. This numeric rank provides the relative rarity for each species based on a scale from 1 (very rare) to 5 (common). Guaiacum officinale L. Accepted Name Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Zygophyllales > Zygophyllaceae > Guaiacum > Guaiacum officinale L. Common Name: Scientific Name: Guaiacum officinale, Lignum Vitae Click on the plant listing below to view the nursery information. Chapter 5B-40, Florida Administrative Code. The leaves are sometimes used as a substitute for soap. Most people know Guaiacum sanctum simply as ‘Lignum vitae,’ but its true recognized common name is actually ‘Holywood Lignum vitae.’ The basic two-word term Lignum vitae is somewhat misleading, because it applies not only to G. sanctum, but also to other species of Guaiacum. 127: 51. G. Guaiacum officinale; Media in category "Guaiacum officinale" The following 70 files are in this category, out of 70 total. , https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guaiacum_officinale&oldid=982996214, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 16:50. Guaiacum sanctum vs. guaiacum officinale » The guayacán real is known in other parts of its range as lignum vitae , or tree of life, the name under which its wood is commercially traded. Plant species commonly found in the transition zone, and designated either FACW or OBL by DEP. Perennial wildflowers re-grow each season from overwinter root material. Occurs almost always under natural conditions in wetlands. Guaiacum officinale Common name: Guaiacum, Lignum-vitae. Jamaica t. 222(3-6). Plant species commonly found in the outer deep zone, and designated either FACW or OBL by DEP. Guaiac, a natural resin extracted from the wood, is a colorless compound that turns blue when placed in contact with substances that have peroxidase activity and then are exposed to hydrogen peroxide. If plant size is … Usually occurs in wetlands (estimated probability 67%-99%), but occasionally found in non-wetlands. Zone 10B-11. Adaptive Species. Lignum vitae in language. Lignum Vitae. (Florida):Source - Plants in the Preservation of Native Flora of Florida Act. Over wintering seeds allow the next generation to appear. Range. Tincture from the gum, which corresponds to the 1x dilution. , Roughbark lignum-vitae was listed as an endangered species by the IUCN in 2019. Tree Size: 20-30 ft (6-10 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter. Nellis, David W. (1994) Seashore Plants … illegit. The mutualistic symbiotic association of a fungus with an alga or a cyanobacterium, or both. 1725). This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographic range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused. Facultative. Also known as Holywood Lignum-Vitae, Holywood or Guaiacum sanctum is a one of the flowering tree species that yield the valuable Lignum vitae wood. National Wetland Plant List (NWPL): Source - Lichvar, R.W., M. Butterwick, N.C. Melvin, and W.N. Salt Wind Tolerance High. Preparation. Salt Water Tolerance High. Facultative Wetland. Common names. Upland Species. A voucher specimen is a pressed and thoroughly dried plant sample deposited in a herbarium, and is intended to be a permanent record supporting research purposes. Preferred Scientific Name. CULTIVATED; collected by Dr. C. D. Adams. Zingiber officinale, known as the true ginger used as a spice, is one of the oldest known and most widely consumed spices. Plant species commonly found in the deep zone, and designated either FAC or OBL by DEP. Guajacum officinale L. Common Name(s): lignum vitae [English] lignum-vitae [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Show these synonyms only. Atlas of Florida Plants (http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/). ANY - WAP critieria is not taken into consideration, No - Show results without WAP designations, Any - Persisting critieria is not taken into consideration, Yes - Show results with a Persisting value of, No - Show results without Persisting value of. Common Name(s): Lignum Vitae. These live protected among the dense fungal hyphae and produce carbohydrates for the fungus by photosynthesis. (Definitions from: American Heritage Science Dictionary). We are updating Guaiacum officinale – Plant information frequently. The leaves are compound, 2.5–3 cm (0.98–1.18 in) in length, and 2 cm (0.79 in) wide. See all Guaiacum. Spread 8-12 Feet. Guajacum officinale L. Homonyms Guaiacum officinale L. Common names Bois saint in language. Scientific Name: Guaiacum officinale, G. sanctum. A similar example in a Common Name search is Virginia snakeroot. It is commonly found in Central America specifically in Costa Rica north to Mexico, Florida, and the Caribbean. Guaiacum officinale and Guaiacum sanctum are both tropical trees. 1753. Guaiacum Officinale is an important homeopathic remedy that will treat f ibromyalgia. Also called. Mat. A species of plants native to the state that are in imminent danger of extinction within the state, the survival of which is unlikely if the causes of a decline in the number of plants continue, and includes all species determined to be endangered or threatened pursuant to the Federal Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended. It is use for tonsi… Native No; native to Caribbean. These ranks carry no legal status. Proper vouchers display all the necessary attributes for complete identification of the plant, and are to be accompanied by accurate locality, habitat, collection time, and collector data. Transition Species. These plants live for three or more seasons. Any species which is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range. Guaiacum bijugum Stokes, Bot. Synonym. Guaiac cards are impregnated with the resin and are used in determining whether stool contains blood. Northern S. America - Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas to the Caribbean. State Nursery Container Description / Features / Specs Price; FL Doug Ingram and Sons Nursery. Guaiacum officinale Lignum Vitae . , Guaiacum officinale is one of two species yielding the true lignum vitae, the other being Guaiacum sanctum. Origin: Is native to the Caribbean and the northern coast of South America. Select the criterion by which you wish to search (Scientific name, Genus, Family, etc.) Habitat. Hint: Correct spelling is necessary for desired results, but because this function is a string search the full name need not be entered. Any of various plants that have the vascular tissues xylem and phloem. It has been overexploited for its valuable wood and medicinal products. Drought Tolerance High. Guaiacum officinale L. Common Name: COMMON LIGNUMVITAE: Status: Not Native: Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens Any species which is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. Any correct part of a taxon name can be entered and a choice of the correct one made from the small list of resulting matches. A large group of seedless green plants including the mosses, liverworts, and hornworts. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Family Zygophyllaceae (Bean-caper or Caltrop family) Overview A evergreen tree, indigenous to the West Indies and the northern coast of South America, It grows slowly, up to 55 feet tall although it seldom grows taller than 30'. The genus, Guaiacum, is derived from the Carib native trees Plant species designated as FAC or Upland by DEP, but commonly seen in the transition zone in limited numbers. Interestingly, both the common name and the trade name actually refer equally to two different species: the guaiacum sanctum and the guaiacum officinale . Lectotypified by El-Hadidi, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. Sometimes named Guaiacum officinale is Guaiacum, Guayacan, Pockholz, Tree of life, and Lignum Vitae. Part used: The heartwood and gum resin. Gum guaiacum. International trade of this species is restricted because of its placement in CITES Appendix II. Family Zygophyllaceae. Genus name comes from the Greek name which, in turn, is said to derive from an East Indian word cognate with Pali sigivera. Distribution Map: Based on vouchered plant specimens from wild populations. The wood is used as a mild laxative and diuretic. Natural order. For any queries, feel free contact us via mail. General Notes Lignum vitae, the national tree of Jamaica, is a slow-growing, often multi-stemmed small tree with the world’s most dense wood. Native to the Caribbean and the northern coast of South America, Lignum Vitae or Guaiacum officinale is a small and slow-growing tree of about 3 -12 m tall and 60 cm in trunk diameter, with a … Garlic mustard is an example of a biennial. 1998, amended. Noteworthy Characteristics. Soil Tolerant of most soil types. Occurs in wetlands in another region, but occurs almost always (estimated probability 99%) under natural conditions in non-wetlands in the regions specified. Obligate Wetland. View a List of All Ecological Communities, For more information, contact: Richard Wunderlin or Bruce Hansen, or Alan Franck, © 2020 Institute for Systematic Botany | Data last modified: 12/5/2020, A member of the University of South Florida family of PlantAtlas.org websites. Height 8-12 Feet. The association between the different organisms in a lichen is so close that lichens are routinely referred to as a single organism, and scientists classify lichens using the name of the fungal component. The fungal component of a lichen absorbs water and nutrients from the surroundings and provides a suitable environment for the alga or cyanobacterium. An evergreen tree, growing in the West Indies, and on the Northern coast of South America. Usually, the last letter (or two) of a given genus, a space, and the first few correct letters of the specific epithet will provide a sufficiently short list containing the desired taxon. Wunderlin, R. P., B. F. Hansen, A. R. Franck, and F. B. Essig. Searching using "snake root" will yield no results due to the extra space, but searching "snake" will generate a short list of plants with the word "snake" in the common name. Obligate wetland. Commonly known as Roughbark Lignum-vitae, Gaïacwood, Guaiacwood, Guayacan, Pockholz, Lignum Vitae and Tree of Life, Guaiacum is a small, slow growing and evergreen tree native to Caribbean and Northern coast of South America. Common name: Tree of Life, Lignum Vitae, Guaiac Botanical name: Guaiacum officinale Family: Zygophyllaceae (Caltrop family) Tree of Life is a tree yeilding the true lignum vitae, a … Name Synonyms Guaiacum bijugum Stokes Guaiacum breynii Spreng. Family: Zygophyllaceae. Facultative. Only plant populations vouchered by specimens deposited in Index Herbariorum http://sweetgum.nybg.org/science/ih/ recognized herbaria are represented on this map. N. O. Zygophyllaceae. Average Dried Weight: 79 lbs/ft 3 (1,260 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): 1.05, 1.26. Guaiacum officinale L. – lignum-vitae. Distribution: Central America and northern South America. Habitat, Bahamas and South Florida) is also used for the same purposes as G. officinale; it is easily distinguished from the latter, by its five-celled fruit, and its oblong leaflets, six to eight to each leaf. Janka Hardness: 4,390 lb f (19,510 N) This small tree is very slow growing, reaching about 10 m (33 ft) in height with a trunk diameter of 60 cm (24 in). Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. [S. M. Landry and K. N. Campbell (application development), USF Water Institute.] The National Wetland Plant List: 2014 Update of Wetland Ratings. It is evergreen and has an open, spreading crown. 127: 51 (1993) If, after following the above advice, then difficulties are still encountered please use the "browse" feature. Jamaica t. 222, f. 3-6 (1725); ; LT designated by El Hadidi, Regnum Veg. Identifying species that appear as waifs or only periodically appear in the flora for a few seasons. Habitat. Listed as Threatened Plants in the Preservation of Native Flora of Florida Act. Wetland Status, Department of Environmental Regulation (DEP): Source - Delineation of the Landward Extent of Wetlands and Surface Waters, Chapter 62-340, Florida Administrative Code. Homestead, FL. These species may become ranked as Category I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. Source - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council's 2017 List of Florida's Most Invasive Species. The vascular plants include all seed-bearing plants (the gymnosperms and angiosperms) and the pteridophytes (including the ferns, lycophytes, and horsetails). Facultative Wetland. The intended name can then be chosen from any of those lists. Med. A plant that is typically vegetative its first year and blooms the following season. Guaiaca. Latin Name Guaiacum officinale. Phytoneuron 2014-41: 1-42. For example, matching the full name exactly in a Scientific Name search for Piptochaetium avenacioides may be difficult, but strings of either tium aven or avenaci or m avenac or pipto will all result in very small lists of matches. GENERAL ANALYSIS. Owing to this partnership, lichens can thrive in harsh environments such as mountaintops and polar regions. All roots, stems, and leaves die at the end of the growing season. LT: Sloane, Voy. 2: 486. The tree is essentially evergreen throughout most of its native range. General Information. – Denotes synonyms that are applicable to the state. 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