A rouâ¦ The lifestyle and physical characteristics of the giant cheetah were probably similar to those of its modern relative, except the giant cheetah was the height of a lion at the shoulder (but, due to its light build, it weighed considerably less than a lion).  The whiskers, shorter and fewer than those of other felids, are fine and inconspicuous. The generic name Acinonyx coud hae oreeginatit frae the combination o twa Greek wirds: akinetos means motionless, an onyx means claw . As of 2017, cheetahs occur in just nine per cent of their erstwhile range in Africa, mostly in unprotected areas.  There are no records of cheetahs killing humans. The sharp, narrow carnassials are larger than those of leopards and lions, suggesting the cheetah can consume larger amount of food in a given time period. Individuals on the periphery of the prey herd are common targets; vigilant prey which would react quickly on seeing the cheetah are not preferred.  Common diseases of cheetahs include feline herpesvirus, feline infectious peritonitis, gastroenteritis, glomerulosclerosis, leukoencephalopathy, myelopathy, nephrosclerosis and veno-occlusive disease. Meaning of acinonyx jubatus. Generally only groups of cheetahs (coalitions or mother and cubs) will try to kill larger prey; mothers with cubs especially look out for larger prey and tend to be more successful than females without cubs. : an endangered species. Though she tries to make minimal noise she usually can not defend her litter from these predators.  Often one male will eventually win dominance over the others and mate with the female, though a female can mate with different males. Its primary prey are medium-sized ungulates.  In Iran there were around 400 cheetahs before World War II, distributed across deserts and steppes to the east and the borderlands with Iraq to the west; the numbers were falling because of a decline in prey.  A 2007 study showed that females who gave birth to more litters early in their life often died younger, indicating a trade-off between longevity and yearly reproductive success. Iranian cheetahs occur in hilly terrain of deserts at elevations up to 2,000â3,000 m (6,600â9,800 ft), where annual precipitation is generally below 100 mm (3.9 in); the primary vegetation in these areas is thinly distributed shrubs, less than 1 m (3.3 ft) tall.  While the first two-thirds of the tail are covered in spots, the final third is marked with four to six dark rings or stripes. This subspecies is confined to central Iran, and is the only surviving cheetah population in Asia.  In 1917, Reginald Innes Pocock placed the cheetah in a subfamily of its own, Acinonychinae, given its striking morphological resemblance to the greyhound as well as significant deviation from typical felid features; the cheetah was classified in Felinae in later taxonomic revisions.  A prominent instance was the deadly feline coronavirus outbreak in a cheetah breeding facility of Oregon in 1983 which had a mortality rate of 60%âhigher than that recorded for previous epizootics of feline infectious peritonitis in any felid. Chinese emperors would use cheetahs, as well as caracals, as gifts. Unlike the big cats, the cheetah tends to occur in low densities typically between 0.3 and 3.0 adults per 100 km2 (39 sq mi)âthese values are 10â30% of those reported for leopards and lions. Skin grafts exchanged between unrelated cheetahs are accepted well and heal, as if their genetic makeup were the same.  Cheetahs continued to be used into the Byzantine period of the Roman empire, with "hunting leopards" being mentioned in the Cynegetica (283/284 AD).  Compared to other felids, cheetah cubs are highly vulnerable to several predators during the first few weeks of their life. In Botswana, cheetahs are frequently captured by ranchers to protect livestock by setting up traps in traditional marking spots; the calls of the trapped cheetah can attract more cheetahs to the place. acinonyx jubatus meaning in Hindi with examples: ऐस न न क स ज ब ट ज ... click for more detailed meaning in Hindi with examples, definition, pronunciation and example sentences. They are the major component of the diet in certain areas, such as Dama and Dorcas gazelles in the Sahara, impala in the eastern and southern African woodlands, springbok in the arid savannas to the south and Thomson's gazelle in the Serengeti.  In 2012 the cause of this coat pattern was found to be a mutation in the gene for transmembrane aminopeptidase (Taqpep), the same gene responsible for the striped "mackerel" versus blotchy "classic" pattern seen in tabby cats.  A 1987 study showed territoriality depended on the size and age of males and the membership of the coalition. Noun 1. Acinonyx: [noun] the genus of cats comprising the cheetahs which are distinguished by the absence of cutaneous sheaths for guarding the claws. It portrays a creature with a woman's head and a cheetah's body (often misidentified as a leopard's).  The hair is mostly short and often coarse, but the chest and the belly are covered in soft fur; the fur of king cheetahs has been reported to be silky. (Around 7,100 cheetahs remain, say experts, Wikinews) Pronunciation of Acinonyx jubatus with 1 audio pronunciation and more for Acinonyx jubatus. They typically begin with the hindquarters, and then progress toward the abdomen and the spine. The English name is derived from the Hindi Chita, meaning “spotted one”. , Cubs start coming out of the lair at two months of age, trailing after their mother wherever she goes.  In 2011, a phylogeographic study found minimal genetic variation between A. j. jubatus and A. j. raineyi; only four subspecies were identified. Acinonyx jubatus translation in Latin-English dictionary. , In the past until the mid-20th century, the cheetah ranged across vast stretches in Asia, from the Arabian Peninsula in the west to the Indian subcontinent in the east, and as far north as the Aral and Caspian Seas. The extension of the vertebral column can add as much as 76 cm (30 in) to the stride length.  Context examples .  Cubs as young as six months try to capture small prey like hares and young gazelles. This reduces the risk of losing balance during runs, but compromises the ability to climb. cheetah - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Cheetahs catch their prey by tripping it during the chase by hitting its rump with the forepaw or using the strong dewclaw to knock the prey off its balance, bringing it down with much force and sometimes even breaking some of its limbs. Cheetah definition is - a long-legged, swift-moving cat (Acinonyx jubatus) about the size of a small leopard with a yellowish to tan coat covered with numerous round to oval black spots and blunt claws that only partially retract and , The cheetah is a lightly built, spotted cat characterised by a small rounded head, a short snout, black tear-like facial streaks, a deep chest, long thin legs and a long tail. Taming was an elaborate process and could take a year to complete. Meanwhile cheetahs nearby, who did not take part in the hunt, might feed on the kill immediately. A coalition generally has a greater chance of encountering and acquiring females for mating, however, its large membership demands greater resources than do solitary males. The tear streaks on the face can sharply define expressions at close range. , The king cheetah is a variety of cheetah with a rare mutation for cream-coloured fur marked with large, blotchy spots and three dark, wide stripes extending from the neck to the tail.  Hunting with cheetahs became more prevalent toward the seventh century AD. , In 1975, five subspecies were considered valid taxa: A. j. hecki, A. j. jubatus, A. j. raineyi, A. j. soemmeringii and A. j. Noting this, palaeontologist Daniel Adams proposed Miracinonyx, a new subgenus under Acinonyx, in 1979 for the North American cheetah-like cats; this was later elevated to genus rank. While females stay close to their mothers, males move farther off. Pronunciation of Acinonyx jubatus with 3 audio pronunciations, 4 synonyms, 3 meanings, 1 translation, 2 sentences and more for Acinonyx jubatus. Chirping: A chirp (or a "stutter-bark") is an intense bird-like call and lasts less than a second. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. The closest living relative of African Cheetah is the beautiful Asiatic Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus). 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