al biruni came from which place

Islamic scholar al-Biruni, who enlightened the scientific world with his pioneer discoveries and inventions, is an important Turkish-Islamic figure, whose precious works take place in fields such as astronomy, pharmacology, mathematics, physics, medicine, geography, history, and … He passed his youth on the banks is of the river Oxus in the city of Khwarizm (Khiva) situated in the Republic of Uzbaikistan. Interestingly that people from Pakistan are trying to say that Biruni was from Pakistan. 1050), a Moslem astronomer, mathematician, geographer, and historian, was the most acute interpreter of India to Islam in the Middle Ages. V B Mainkar, Metrology in al-Biruni's 'India', G P Matvievskaja, The mathematical and astronomical legacy of al-Biruni, and the history of its study, K Munirov, On a Tashkent manuscript copy of al-Biruni's 'Astrology'. But Biruni was so sure about his logic and instincts, that he extensively wrote about the sun, its movements and the eclipse. Using trigonometric and algebraic equations, he got the value equivalent to 3928.77 English miles, which is about 99 percent close to today's radius of the earth. Al Beruni was the First Muslim Scholar to study India and its Brahmanical tradition. Al-Biruni was born near Kath and the town were he was born is today called Biruni after the great scholar. He was from Khwarazm – a region which encompasses modern-day western Uzbekistan, and northern Turkmenistan. Al-Biruni’s eclipse data were used by Richard Dunthorne in 1749 to help determine the acceleration of the moon, and his observational data have entered the larger astronomical historical record, still used today in geophysics and astronomy. hwa al biruni abbu re, ncert class 12 indian history part 2 chapter 1 through the eyes of travellers theme 5 topic al biruni and the kitab ul hind from khwarizm to punjab the kitab ul hind, al biruni is the author of the book kitab ul hind most of the works of al biruni are in … Al-Biruni was born on 5 th September 973 at Khwarazm in Uzbekistan, and his full name was “Abu Rayhan Muhammad Ibn Ahmed Al-Biruni“. M S Khan, A select bibliography of Soviet publications on Al-Biruni, M S Khan, An examination of al-Biruni's knowledge of Indian astronomy, in. Since he spent the first twenty-five years of life in studies like logic, Islamic laws, philosophy, mathematics, and astronomy – the study of stars and planets. The place that he came from is now called Uzbekistan. Then, after Mahmud of Ghazni conquered the emirate of Bukhara, he moved to Ghazni, a town in today's Afghanistan, which served as the capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty. A picture is worth a thousand words. Was Trump's maximum pressure campaign against Iran successful? Al-Biruni was born in central Asia, in the city of Kath, in today’s Uzbekistan, in 973, in a large oasis region bordered by the Aral Sea on one side, and deserts on the other. Impressed by his scholarship and fame, Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi took Biruni along with him on his journeys to India several times. He wrote especially about those things that he found very different from his own country. Figure 2 – Equatorial and horizontal coordinates. B K Nayar, al-Biruni and science communication in Sanskrit, K Norhudzaev, al-Biruni and the science of geodesy. Al-Biruni a surname derived from something, possibly an ancestor (i.e. In fact, the word “Biruni” means “from an outer district”, in Persian, and so he was known as “the Birunian”, with the Latinised name “Alberonius” [4,9]. By the time he came of age, he was also introduced to concepts developed by scholars from different civilisations and centuries. The Life of Al-Biruni (973-1048 AD) Abu Rayhan Muhammed ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was born just before sunrise on 4 September 973. Delving into the content of some of those historic debates, Sezgin said the two polymaths exchanged notes on heat and rays. In addition, he invented astronomical instruments, and described how the earth rotated on an axis, making accurate calculations of latitude and longitude. A R Amir-Moéz, and J C Aghayani, al-Biruni, al-Tusi, and Newton. It was certainly his most remarkable achievement. Al-Bīrūnī lived during a period of unusual political turmoil in the eastern Islamic world. Based on his calculations, Biruni also began to think about the possibility of the earth revolving around the sun, an idea polymaths of that time would ignore. Al-Bīrūnī, in full Abū al-Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Bīrūnī, (born Sept. 4, 973 ce, Khwārezm, Khorāsān [now in Uzbekistan]—died c. 1052, Ghazna [now Ghaznī, Afg. Al-Biruni’s life. It was Abu Reyhan Al-Biruni, the 10th century Islamic mathematical genius, who combined trigonometry and algebra to achieve this very numerical feat. History Topics: Arabic mathematics : forgotten brilliance? Parts of it now belong to Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. He was born in the outer district (Bīrūn) of Kath, the capital of the Afrighid dynasty of Khwarezm in Central Asia (or Chorasmia). (33) The best variety of the ruby comprises several kinds: the white, dust-coloured, black, yellow, and red. E S Kennedy, Al-Biruni on determining the meridian. Current president of Iran also has an Arabic name, Hassan Rouhani. Al-Biruni (also Al Beruni, full name being Abu Raihan Muhammad Ibn Ahmad, 973-1049 CE), was a celebrated mathematician and astronomer who visited India in the wake of the invading forces of Mahmud of Ghazni in the 11 th century. He also travelled to South Asia or Central Asia (modern day Afghanistan) with Mahmud of Ghazni (whose son a… In light of his scholarly work, he was called the founder of geodesy. O Sheynin, al-Biruni and the mathematical treatment of observations, T Usmonov, The role of history in the flowering of al-Biruni's physics, S Vahabov, Two mathematical models of al-Biruni, S A Vahabov, A new treatise of al-Biruni on astrolabes, S A Vakhabov, Projective transformations in al-Biruni's treatise on astrolabes, A I Volodarskii, Indian mathematics and al-Biruni, F Z Zikrillaev, Questions of physics in al-Biruni's book 'Monuments of past generations'. Al-Biruni, the nocturnal North-eastern quadrant, consisting of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd houses, prevails in your chart: this sector favours self-assertion and material security to the detriment of your perception of others. Sezgin, who died in 2018, concluded that the quality of those debates is rare and probably does not exist even today. George Sarton, the founder of the History of Science discipline, named the 11th century as the Al Biruni Age. F I Haddad, D Pingree and E S Kennedy, al-Biruni's treatise on astrological lots. Al-Biruni is one of the most important Muslim authorities on the history of religion. Al-Biruni, A Great Muslim Scientist, Philosopher and Historian 171 that the noon of Sindh is the sunrise of Spain while their (Spaniards) noon is the sunset of Sind”.21 Al-Biruni’s most important and neglected work is Qanun al- Masudi, originally written in Arabic and later translated into Persian. J L Berggren, A coincidence of Pappos' Book VIII with al-Biruni's Tahdid. Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the Central Asian polymath al-Biruni and his eleventh-century book the India.Born in around 973 in the central Asian region of Chorasmia, al-Biruni … He accompanied Mahmud in his conquests to South Asia. He then climbed the hill to measure the horizon. A R Amir-Moéz, Khayyam, al-Biruni, Gauss, Archimedes, and quartic equations. E S Kennedy and Y Id, A letter of al-Biruni : Habash al-Hasib's analemma for the gibla. He was the first prominent Muslim Indologist was one of the greatest intellectuals of the eleventh century. Here is a part of what he Al-Biruni was really a great Muslim scholar and as a famed of Central Asia, Pakistan, and India (Ibrahim, 1976: iii). U Cassina, La trisezione dell'angolo in Al Biruni. Considering Islamic teaching as a cornerstone of his scientific catalogue, Biruni summarised his quest for knowledge in the following way: "My experience in the study of astronomy and geometry and experiments in physics revealed to me that there must be a Planning Mind of Unlimited Power. M Ahmad, R Behari and B V Subbarayappa, al-Biruni : an introduction to his life and writings on the Indian sciences, A Ahmedov, Special questions of spherical astronomy and mathematics in al-Biruni's 'Canon Mas'uda', A Ahmedov and B A Rozenfel'd, 'Cartography' - one of Biruni's first essays to have reached us, al-Biruni, Abu'l-Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad Abu'l-Rayhan al-Biruni's own list of his works. The two great minds are known to have discussed ‘The propagation of light and its measurement’ in a great depth. U Cassina, Sulle equazioni cubiche di Al Biruni. … Like other Muslim scholars from the Golden Age of Islam, he was also hungry for knowledge. You consider self-transformation to be a hazardous adventure. He is … Biography of Al-Biruni (973-1039A.D), Arab Historical Geographer ! His foster father, Mansur, was a member of the royal family and a distinguished mathematician and astronomer. His teacher in astronomy and mathematics was the eminent Abu Nasr Mansur, a member of the family then ruling at Kath. He observed the lunar eclipse at Ghazna and gave precise details of the exact altitude of various well-known stars at the moment of first contact. Born in Kath, Khwarezm in Western Central Asia, he lived between 973 and 1048. His name was Al-Biruni. He was neither Arab or from Pakistan but he was a Persian scientist. Al-Biruni wrote an encyclopedic work on India called Taḥqīq mā li-l-Hind min maqūlah maqbūlah fī al-ʿaql aw mardhūlah (variously translated as "Verifying All That the Indians Recount, the Reasonable and the Unreasonable" or "The book confirming what pertains to India, whether rational or despicable" ) in which he explored nearly every aspect of Indian life, including religion, history, geography, geology, science, and mathematics. Written by J J O'Connor and E F Robertson, If you have comments, or spot errors, we are always pleased to, Kath, Khwarazm (now Kara-Kalpakskaya, Uzbekistan), http://www.britannica.com/biography/al-Biruni. Back to the earth's radius- just how did he measure it? He worked on shadows and chords of circles, and also developed a method for trisecting an angle. As previously told, al-Biruni was born in Kath, a district of Khwarezm. His book "Kitab-al-Jamahir" discusses the properties of various precious stones. B A Rozenfel'd and M M Rozanskaja, The astronomical work 'Al-Qanunu'l-Mas'udi' of al-Biruni, B A Rozenfel'd and L G Uceha, al-Biruni's astronomical treatise on shadows, M A Sabirov and A Ahmedov, Certain achievements of al-Biruni in astronomy and mathematics, H U Sadykov, Biruni and his astronomical work. M S Asimov, al-Biruni's astronomical treatise in the Dari language, M N Atagarryev, Application of stereographic projection to determination of the Qibla azimuth : al-Biruni, al-Chagmini and al-Turkumani, R B Baratov, Biruni - great scientist of the Orient. Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Al-Bīrūnī (Persian: ابوریحان محمد بن احمد البیرونی‎ Abū Rayḥān Bērōnī; New Persian: Abū Rayḥān Bīrūnī) (973–after 1050), known as Biruni (Persian: بیرونی‎) or Al-Biruni (Arabic: البيروني‎) in English language, was an Iranian scholar and polymath. Biruni left his hometown at a young age and he wandered around Persia and Uzbekistan. Scholars like Biruni were born at a time when much of the world's scientific and mathematical knowledge was translated into Arabic. E S Kennedy and M-T Debarnot, Two mappings proposed by Biruni. God has likened the houris of Paradise to it: (In beauty) like the jacynth and the coral-stone. Both scholars had come to a similar conclusion — that heat is generated by motion and cold by rest, and for this reason, the earth is hot at the Equator and cold at the Poles. Abu Rihan better known as Al Beruni was born in central Asia in AD 973; and died in Ghazni (present day Afghanistan) in A.D.1048 Contemporary of Mahmud of Ghazni, thus when Mahmud conquered part of Central Asia (Khwarizm in present Uzbekistan) he took Al-Beruni with him. From the scientific literature of the Babylonians to those of the Romans, to ancient Indian texts on astrology, Biruni learnt from it all. He also wrote a treatise on how timekeeping occurred in 1000 C.E, the period also known as the Christian Era. Subscribe to our Youtube channel for all latest in-depth, on the ground reporting from around the world. Please read https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Biruni. Bīrūn). Albiruni's India: Part I Alberuni (c. 972-1048) was a Persian scholar from the Khwarezm region and spent a large part of his life in Ghazni in modern-day Afghanistan, capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty. Al-Biruni. Abu Rayhan al-Biruni (973-ca. S M Ahmad, al-Biruni as a synthesizer and transmitter of scientific knowledge. He explained the working of natural springs and artesian wells by the hydrostatic principle of communicating vessels. He noted down his theories and observations in his book, "Al-Athar Al-Baqiya." 1050), a Moslem astronomer, mathematician, geographer, and historian, was the most acute interpreter of India to Islam in the Middle Ages.. Al-Biruni was born near Kath in Khwarizm (now a part of Uzbekistan) on Sept. 4, 973. Al-Biruni‘s description of the Kuhk-i-Lal mines and their prominent placement in his book expose a detailed insight in the geology, ... which came to this place in the year 1153 from Hindustan Hindustan. A M Shastri, Sanskrit literature known to al-Biruni. He introduced al-Biruni to Euclidean Geometry and Ptolemaic astrono… He even had ties to roy­alty as there are links in his fam­ily to the fam­i­lies of pres­ti­gious elites. Al-Biruni's rel­a­tives also took in­ter­est in the stud­ies of sci­ence as well, so he grew up in an en­vi­ron­ment en­cour­ag­ing to his in­ter­ests. S N Sen, al-Biruni on the determination of latitudes and longitudes in India. Al-Biruni’s fall was, however, broken by a mosquito curtain; and on being brought again before the Sultan and asked whether he had foreseen this, he produced from his pocket a notebook in which it was written, under that date: “Today I shall be cast down from a high place, but reach the earth safely, and arise in a sound body.” B A Rozenfel'd, M M Rozhanskaya and Z K Skolovskaya, Kh F Abdulla-zade, al-Biruni's letter to Abu Said, A Abdurahmonov, Some theorems of trigonometry in the works of al-Biruni. Parts of it now belong to Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. He also described the Milky Way as a collection of countless fragments of nebulous stars. B A Rosenfel'd and L G Utseha, Some mathematical discoveries in al-Biruni's 'Shadows'. Calculating the radius of the earth over a thousand years ago required a lot of imagination. A Dallal, Biruni's 'Book of pearls concerning the projection of spheres', A E-A Hatipov and A Pulatov, Abu'l-Rayhan al-Biruni. In return, he taught them Greek and Muslim sciences and philosophy. It was translated by Ramsay Wright in 1934. selfstudyhistory.com Alberuni accompanied the invading… Al–Biruni noticed that people of India are very skilled at making ponds for collecting rainwater. Khwarezm was the country of the Khwarezmian civilization and of several kingdoms. Khwarezm was the country of the Khwarezmian civilization and of several kingdoms. The former he saw at Lamghan, a valley surrounded by mountains between the towns of Qandahar and Kabul. He was born in Khwarazm, then part of the Samanid Empire (modern Khiva, Uzbekistan). He was a pioneer in the study of the angles and trigonometry. 2. According to German historian, Max Meyerhoff, Biruni is perhaps the most prominent figure in the phalanx of universally revered Muslim scholars, and whose contributions in so many diverse fields earned him the title "al-Ustadh," the Master or Professor par excellence. He wrote; “At sunrise we saw that approximately one-third of the sun was eclipsed and that the eclipse was waning”. Ibn Sina went further still, and said that heat does not propagate by itself, but that the rays of the sun carry them along — like a man sitting still in a moving boat. He was a colleague of the fellow philosopher and physician Abū Alī ibn Sīnā (Avicenna), the historian, philosopher and ethicist Ibn Miskawayh, in a university and science center established by prince Abu al-Abbas Ma’mun Khawarazmshah. In the book, "Al-Tafhim-li-Awail Sina'at al-Tanjim," he summarised his work on Mathematics and Astronomy. We should not waste water because only 1 percent of water is available for our use, out of which a huge amount is being polluted. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Bīrūn), or cud be also a place he came from (i.e. Is France indulging Sisi’s ‘brutal repression’ through the state visit? He also travelled to South Asia or Central Asia (modern day Afghanistan) with Mahmud of Ghazni (whose son a… D R Hill, al-Biruni's mechanical calendar, B M Kedrov, The great Central Asiatic scholar-encyclopedist al-Biruni. Abu Rayhan al-Biruni (973-ca. Biruni left his hometown at a young age and he wandered around Persia and Uzbekistan. In 1975, the famous Tajik academician, Bobojon Gafurov, described Biruni in his Unesco Courier article  as an universal genius who “was so far ahead of his time that his most brilliant discoveries seemed incomprehensible to most of the scholars of his days”. When Sultan Masood sent him three camel-loads of silver coins in appreciation of his encyclopedic work "Al-Qanoon al-Masoodi," (The Mas'udi Canon), Al-Biruni politely returned the royal gift saying, "I serve knowledge for the sake of knowledge and not for money.". Abu Rayhan al-Biruni was born in Khwarazm, a region adjoining the Aral Sea now known as Karakalpakstan. He also discovered several ways of finding north and south, and discovered mathematical techniques to determine exactly the beginnings of the seasons. The two major cities in this region were Kath and Jurjaniyya. History Topics: Longitude and the Académie Royale, History Topics: The Arabic numeral system, History Topics: The history of cartography. It wud been Hassan Al-Rouhani, if it were Arabic proper, but Iranians nowadays tend to drop the 'al' part. Al-Biruni (973–1048), a native speaker of Chorasmian (an Iranian language), J L Berggren, al-Biruni on plane maps of the sphere : Including an Arabic text. He was a colleague of the fellow philosopher and physician Abū Alī ibn Sīnā (Avicenna), the historian, philosopher and ethicist Ibn Miskawayh, in a university and science center established by prince Abu al-Abbas Ma'mun Khawarazmshah. Biruni observed the solar eclipse of April 8, 1019, and the lunar eclipse of September 17, 1019. Al-Biruni carefully observed and noted down the details of all that he saw. The word Biruni means "from the outer-dis­trict" in Per­sian, and so this be­came his nisba: "al-Bīrūnī" = "the Birunian". Abu Rayhan Beruni or Alberonius (Latin) was a Persian Scholar and polymath of the 11th century. They build „chabutaras‟ around the lake with long staircases to go up and down. ), Muslim astronomer, mathematician, ethnographist, anthropologist, historian, and geographer.

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